Classification of hardened cement and lime mortar using short-wave infrared spectrometry data

Publication Type:

Conference Paper


11th international conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions (2018)


This paper evaluated the feasibility of using spectrometry data in the short-wave infrared range (1,300-2,200 nm) two distinguish lime mortar and Type S cement mortar. 42 samples of 40x40x40mm were created in the lab (21 lime-based, 21 cement-based). A Partial Least Square Discriminant Analysis model was developed using the mean spectra of 28 specimens as the calibration set. The results were tested on the mean spectra of the remaining 14 specimens as a validation set. The results showed that spectrometry data were able to fully distinguish modern mortars (made with cement) from historic lime mortars with a 100% classification accuracy, which can be very useful in archaeological and architectural conservation applications. Specifically, being able to distinguish mortar composition in situ can provide critical information about the construction history of a structure as well as to inform an appropriate intervention scheme when historic material needs to be repaired or replaced.

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