The feasibility of short-wave infrared spectrometry in assessing water-to-cement ratio and density of hardened concrete

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Construction and Building Materials (2018)



This paper describes the feasibility of using short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectrometry to classify concretes by their water-to-cement (w/c) ratios and predict their density. Concrete spectra of three w/c ratios (50%, 65%, 80%) were studied in the 1300–2200 nm range. A Partial Least Square Discriminant Analysis model was developed from the spectra of 36 samples, resulting in an 89% correct classification for the 18 validation samples, thereby demonstrating that SWIR spectrometry can detect differences in initial w/c ratios for hardened concretes. Additionally, differences in density and compressive strength as a function of the w/c ratio could be indirectly estimated through SWIR spectrometry.

Research area: