Model-based super-resolution reconstruction for pseudo-continuous Arterial Spin Labeling

Publication Type:

Journal Article


NeuroImage, Volume 286, p.120506 (2024)


Arterial spin labeling, CBF mapping, Model-based reconstruction, Perfusion, Quantitative MRI, super-resolution


Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a promising, non-invasive perfusion magnetic resonance imaging technique for quantifying cerebral blood flow (CBF). Unfortunately, ASL suffers from an inherently low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and spatial resolution, undermining its potential. Increasing spatial resolution without significantly sacrificing SNR or scan time represents a critical challenge towards routine clinical use. In this work, we propose a model-based super-resolution reconstruction (SRR) method with joint motion estimation that breaks the traditional SNR/resolution/scan-time trade-off. From a set of differently oriented 2D multi-slice pseudo-continuous ASL images with a low through-plane resolution, 3D-isotropic, high resolution, quantitative CBF maps are estimated using a Bayesian approach. Experiments on both synthetic whole brain phantom data, and on in vivo brain data, show that the proposed SRR Bayesian estimation framework outperforms state-of-the-art ASL quantification.