Efficient iterative reconstruction with beam shape compensation for THz computed tomography

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Applied Optics, Volume 62, Issue 17, p.F31-F40 (2023)




Beam shaping, computed tomography, Image quality, image reconstruction, THz imaging


Terahertz (THz) computed tomography is an emerging nondestructive and non-ionizing imaging method. Most THz reconstruction methods rely on the Radon transform, originating from x-ray imaging, in which x rays propagate in straight lines. However, a THz beam has a finite width, and ignoring its shape results in blurred reconstructed images. Moreover, accounting for the THz beam model in a straightforward way in an iterative reconstruction method results in extreme demands in memory and in slow convergence. In this paper, we propose an efficient iterative reconstruction that incorporates the THz beam shape, while avoiding the above disadvantages. Both simulation and real experiments show that our approach results in improved resolution recovery in the reconstructed image. Furthermore, we propose a suitable preconditioner to improve the convergence speed of our reconstruction.

Research area: