Hyperspectral and multispectral image fusion using coupled non-negative tucker tensor decomposition

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Remote Sensing, Volume 13, Issue 2930 (2021)


Fusing a low spatial resolution hyperspectral image (HSI) with a high spatial resolution multispectral image (MSI), aiming to produce a super-resolution hyperspectral image, has recently attracted increasing research interest. In this paper, a novel approach based on coupled non-negative tensor decomposition is proposed. The proposed method performs a tucker tensor factorization of a low resolution hyperspectral image and a high resolution multispectral image under the constraint of non-negative tensor decomposition (NTD). The conventional matrix factorization methods essentially lose spatio-spectral structure information when stacking the 3D data structure of a hyperspectral image into a matrix form. Moreover, the spectral, spatial, or their joint structural features have to be imposed from the outside as a constraint to well pose the matrix factorization problem. The proposed method has the advantage of preserving the spatio-spectral structure of hyperspectral images. In this paper, the NTD is directly imposed on the coupled tensors of the HSI and MSI. Hence, the intrinsic spatio-spectral structure of the HSI is represented without loss, and spatial and spectral information can be interdependently exploited. Furthermore, multilinear interactions of different modes of the HSIs can be exactly modeled with the core tensor of the Tucker tensor decomposition. The proposed method is straightforward and easy to implement. Unlike other state-of-the-art approaches, the complexity of the proposed approach is linear with the size of the HSI cube. Experiments on two well-known datasets give promising results when compared with some recent methods from the literature.

Research area: