A NEURAL NETWORK METHOD FOR NONLINEAR HYPERSPECTRAL UNMIXING

TitleA NEURAL NETWORK METHOD FOR NONLINEAR HYPERSPECTRAL UNMIXING
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKoirala, B., R. Heylen, and P. Scheunders
Conference NameIEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Conference LocationValencia, Spain
Abstract

Because of the complex interaction of light with the Earth surface, a hyperspectral pixel can be composed of a highly nonlinear mixture of the reflectances of the materials on the ground. When nonlinear mixing models are applied, the estimated model parameters are usually hard to interpret and to link to the actual fractional abundances. Moreover, not all spectral reflectances in a real scene follow the same particular mixing model. In this paper, we present a supervised learning method for nonlinear spectral unmixing. In this method, a neural network is applied to learn mappings of the true spectral reflectances to the reflectances that would be obtained if the mixture was linear. A simple linear unmixing then reveals the actual abundance fractions. This technique is model-independent and allows for an easy interpretation of the obtained abundance fractions. We validate this method on several artificial datasets, a data set obtained by ray tracing, and a real dataset.

URLhttps://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8518995
Research area: